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The Territory

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The Territory

The History

Olevano has a tangibly ancient origin: the Cyclopian masonry surrounding the medieval kasbah are the most striking evidence of it and take us back to the 5th century B.C.

The territory was originally inhabited by pre-Romanesque populations, among which, prominently, the Aequi. After the Romanization of the territory around the 1st century A.C., the organization of the Olevano lands was manly agricultural and revolved around the real farms of the time: the villas. After the slow Romans decline, for Olevano followed a confused period, during which there was a fortification and a first urbanization.

Olevano became a feud in the 13th century. Since then, its experiences are often interlaced with those of influential Roman families: Colonna, Orsini and Borghese. However, the Colonna family directed the construction of the castle and affected the most the town urban organization, kept essentially unchanged until the middle of the 19th century.


The Geography

Olevano is located in the eastern side of the Roman province. Behind the Monti Simbruini,its hilly territory overlooks a vast landscape, casting its gaze through a corridor between the mountains that, on a clear day, also allows the sight of Anzio sea.

Its hills have been a captivating place of inspiration for many Romantic artists, but more pragmatically they have always been the favorite places for agriculture and grazing. The crops that are more taken care of from these lands are, for centuries, the wine and the olive growing.

The territory of Olevano, together with the territories of Piglio and Affile, represent the unique terroir of the vine Cesanese. The wine production involves a number of agriculture enterprises and is one of the main wealth of the town.

The other productive activities are mainly hand-crafted and commercial. A large part of the town's economin-productive performance is positively influenced by the closeness of Rome (about 50 km).